PHENOSPEX just accomplished a new installation at ICRISAT in Central India and upgraded ICRISATs semi-field LeasyScan phenotyping platform with 1.500 gravimetric FieldScale modules, to asses transpiration dyanmics of each plant in high resolution.
Phenotyping After the given plant phenotype is reasonably understood and the potential economic value of the phenotype assessed in silico, ultimately, the tools enabling massive screening of such phenotype is inevitable to assist the breeding programs. To encounter the typical breeding population size and screen for the phenotype relevant for crop production improvement in target … Continue reading Phenotyping
Bioversity International is a global research-for-development organization that delivers scientific evidence, management practices, and policy options to use and safeguard agricultural biodiversity to attain global food and nutrition security. It works with partners in low-income countries in different regions where agricultural biodiversity can contribute to improved nutrition, resilience, productivity and climate change adaptation. Bioversity International is a member of the CGIAR, … Continue reading Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT
IRD is a public scientific and technological establishment (EPST), the Research Institute for Development is placed under the dual supervision of the Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation and that of Europe and Foreign Affairs. Established in 1944, the Institute celebrated its 75th anniversary in 2019. IRD-CERES team collaborates with national and international teams, especially in … Continue reading Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD) Montpellier, France
For us gems means GEMS, or G*E*M*S (genotype by environment by management by society) interactions, i.e. the fact that crop yields results from complex biophysical interactions while acceptance depends on farmer/consumer preferences. This complexity becomes an opportunity when it is cracked into components that can be analysed, understood, predicted, and then used to prioritise research investments to maximise return. This is what we do, and this is when GEMS become gems!
For us gems means GEMS, or G*E*M*S (genotype by environment by management by society) interactions, i.e. the fact that crop yields results from complex biophysical interactions while acceptance depends on farmer/consumer preferences. This complexity becomes an opportunity when it is cracked into components that can be analyzed, understood, predicted, and then used to prioritize research investments to maximise return. This is what we do, and this is when GEMS become gems!
A crop performs in different ways in different sites, years and agronomic managements. These are called genotype-by-environment-by management(G*E*M) interactions, and they are a main challenge for breeders and agronomists. There is one more layer of interaction, even more complex: the society (S). Farmers and consumers have different desires, needs, expectations, and a cultivar that fits one may not fit the other (G*E*M*S interactions). The puzzle is complex and challenging but if its components are understood, specific interventions can be undertaken.For instance, breeding for a particular genotype (G, with particular physiological characteristics), for a particular environment (E, with a particular kind of drought pattern that requires a specific adaptive trait), in a particular management practice (M, for instance a sowing density, or a N fertilizer treatment), and targeted to particular farmer/consumer (S, for instance a genotype that produces a lot of rich stover for cattle ranchers) is the need of the hour.