DST - Integrating Bio-treated Wastewater Reuse with Enhanced Water Use Efficiency to Support the Green Economy in EU and India
The participation to this large project is through Work Package number 4, which involves collaborative activities between several labs in India and Europe. Below are the respective Europe and India packages:
WP4: Improving WUE and drought tolerance of maize, sorghum, millet and tomato via genomics approaches and modelling - EU
This workpackage will (i) identify and evaluate major QTLs influencing WUE and drought tolerance for biomass production in cereals and for root architecture in tomato (ii) produce genetic materials and knowledge useful for the improvement of WUE and drought tolerance at field level through genomics-assisted approaches, and, (iii) provide elements for modeling growth and biomass production as well as for optimizing the choice of the species and genotypes to be grown in typical European and Indian cropping systems under rainfed and irrigated conditions.
WP4: Development of water efficient crop varieties - India
Cross-species comparison for biomass production and water use efficiency in maize, sorghum, pearl millet and tomato
Better understanding of mRNA and smRNA transcriptome of sorghum and pearl millet
Mapping and characterization of Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) for drought tolerance related traits in maize, sorghum, pearl millet and chickpea
Improving drought adaptation using marker-assisted breeding and trait-based selection approaches in maize, sorghum, pearl millet and chickpea
Capacity building on NARS for research on drought adaptation of crops and integrated breeding for drought adaptation
For us gems means GEMS, or G*E*M*S (genotype by environment by management by society) interactions, i.e. the fact that crop yields results from complex biophysical interactions while acceptance depends on farmer/consumer preferences. This complexity becomes an opportunity when it is cracked into components that can be analysed, understood, predicted, and then used to prioritise research investments to maximise return. This is what we do, and this is when GEMS become gems!
For us gems means GEMS, or G*E*M*S (genotype by environment by management by society) interactions, i.e. the fact that crop yields results from complex biophysical interactions while acceptance depends on farmer/consumer preferences. This complexity becomes an opportunity when it is cracked into components that can be analyzed, understood, predicted, and then used to prioritize research investments to maximise return. This is what we do, and this is when GEMS become gems!
A crop performs in different ways in different sites, years and agronomic managements. These are called genotype-by-environment-by management(G*E*M) interactions, and they are a main challenge for breeders and agronomists. There is one more layer of interaction, even more complex: the society (S). Farmers and consumers have different desires, needs, expectations, and a cultivar that fits one may not fit the other (G*E*M*S interactions). The puzzle is complex and challenging but if its components are understood, specific interventions can be undertaken.For instance, breeding for a particular genotype (G, with particular physiological characteristics), for a particular environment (E, with a particular kind of drought pattern that requires a specific adaptive trait), in a particular management practice (M, for instance a sowing density, or a N fertilizer treatment), and targeted to particular farmer/consumer (S, for instance a genotype that produces a lot of rich stover for cattle ranchers) is the need of the hour.