Dr. Jana Kholova Senior Scientist, Crops Physiology & Modelling In line with global Sustainable Development Goals, Jana Kholová with GEMS team and network of partners contributes to crop improvement efforts in order to enhance the agricultural production quantities and qualities in semi-arid agro-ecological production system (South Asia, West, and Central Africa). She is responsible for … Continue reading Dr. Jana Kholova – QTL Genetics
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is the second most important food legume worldwide. Green seeded chickpea and vegetable chickpea is a plant-based protein diet having good nutritive value. Higher nutrient density for carotenoids such as beta-carotene that are observed in the green-seeded chickpea could contribute to improving the nutritional status of consumers.
Dr. M. Tharanya Dr. Tharanya Murugesan is a DST-SERB National Post-Doctoral Fellow, working on low phosphorus adaptation in Foxtail Millet. Previously, she was an Associate Scientist working on phenotyping of sorghum and pearl millet diversity panels for water use and crop production-related traits. During her Ph.D., she focused on “Contribution of water-saving traits for drought … Continue reading Ms. M. Tharanya – QTL & Genetics
Dr. Sivasakthi Kaliamoorthy Dr. Sivasakthi Kaliamoorthy is an Associate Scientist, working on phenotyping of sorghum and pearl millet diversity panels for water use and agronomy related traits under well water and water-stressed conditions using lysimeteric facility. Previously, he was a Research Fellow working on phenotyping of stay-green chickpea for water use and agronomical traits. … Continue reading Mr. Sivasakthi Kaliamoorthy – QTL & Genetics
QTL & Genetics An important aspect in assisting the breeding programs involves generating the knowledge on genetic determination of traits of potential economic value. Once the information on relevant physiological mechanisms is transformed into the network of underlying genomic regions – quantitative trait loci (QTL) – and interactions of these QTLs are understood, such knowledge … Continue reading QTL & Genetics
IRD is a public scientific and technological establishment (EPST), the Research Institute for Development is placed under the dual supervision of the Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation and that of Europe and Foreign Affairs. Established in 1944, the Institute celebrated its 75th anniversary in 2019. IRD-CERES team collaborates with national and international teams, especially in … Continue reading Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD) Montpellier, France
Dr. Vincent Garin Vincent Garin is a research fellow working in pearl millet crop modeling, the development of bioinformatics pipelines for the analysis of high-throughput phenotyping data, and the integration of crop modeling with statistical genetics. Originally from Switzerland, Vincent earned a Ph.D. in quantitative genetics from Wageningen University (The Netherlands). Vincent is specialized … Continue reading Vincent Garin – Core of GEMS
Crop Modelers Dr Peter Carberry Peter Carberry is an Australian national. He received his PhD in Agriculture from the University of Sydney. Before joining ICRISAT, Peter was Chief Research Scientist and Partnership Leader (CSIRO-DFAT Africa Food Security Initiative), Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), Australia. His expertise is in crop physiology and in the … Continue reading ICRISAT Modelling
For us gems means GEMS, or G*E*M*S (genotype by environment by management by society) interactions, i.e. the fact that crop yields results from complex biophysical interactions while acceptance depends on farmer/consumer preferences. This complexity becomes an opportunity when it is cracked into components that can be analysed, understood, predicted, and then used to prioritise research investments to maximise return. This is what we do, and this is when GEMS become gems!
For us gems means GEMS, or G*E*M*S (genotype by environment by management by society) interactions, i.e. the fact that crop yields results from complex biophysical interactions while acceptance depends on farmer/consumer preferences. This complexity becomes an opportunity when it is cracked into components that can be analyzed, understood, predicted, and then used to prioritize research investments to maximise return. This is what we do, and this is when GEMS become gems!
A crop performs in different ways in different sites, years and agronomic managements. These are called genotype-by-environment-by management(G*E*M) interactions, and they are a main challenge for breeders and agronomists. There is one more layer of interaction, even more complex: the society (S). Farmers and consumers have different desires, needs, expectations, and a cultivar that fits one may not fit the other (G*E*M*S interactions). The puzzle is complex and challenging but if its components are understood, specific interventions can be undertaken.For instance, breeding for a particular genotype (G, with particular physiological characteristics), for a particular environment (E, with a particular kind of drought pattern that requires a specific adaptive trait), in a particular management practice (M, for instance a sowing density, or a N fertilizer treatment), and targeted to particular farmer/consumer (S, for instance a genotype that produces a lot of rich stover for cattle ranchers) is the need of the hour.